Seeds and Clones

In this video I’m going to discuss Seeds and Clones

First video is How to Germinate Seeds

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Second video is How to Clone Marijuana Plants

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SEEDS OR CLONES

 

Time wise, starting with a clone will save you the task of sprouting your seed and growing it to find out the sex.

Clones will grow out to be a replica of their donating mother. If they were available, I would buy them in a New York minute.

I like to take clones from my own plants that are around 4” long or so, measuring from the bottom of the main stem.

If I’m growing from seed, I prefer to use regular seeds over auto-flowering/feminized seeds.

My experiences with auto/fem seeds are not good. In my opinion, they produce smaller plants and buds and plants that morph too easily if they face even a little bit of stress.

It could just be me but you can give them a try and maybe you’ll have better luck. Sprout them just like regular seeds.

You can sprout regular seeds, grow them for 60 days with 18 hours on and 6 hours of light off, and then switch the light to a 12-12 cycle to start flowering.

In about 10 days, you can pick out and get rid of the boys and continue on with the girls for another 60 days.

Or, you can sprout regular seeds, grow them for 2 weeks under 18-6, and then switch to 12-12 to start flowering.

In around 2 weeks (probably less), you’ll see little buds growing on some plants and you’ll see little ball sacks growing on the other ones.

Toss the boys and change the lights back to 18-6, which will revert the remaining girls back to the veg cycle.

Using a female clone is by far the fastest way to start growing weed, especially if you can buy them when they’re ready to transplant.

That said, you can take smaller ones, too; just remember to give them special attention to make sure they grow as desired.

SEEDS

 

It’s okay to use bag seeds if you come across any and the pot is good. In lieu of bag seed, though, you’ll just have to be careful and buy some online.

The first time I bought seeds, I got them from the Amsterdam Marijuana Seed website.

But, not only was it a pain in the butt to pay them (money had to be wired), they screwed up my order and, out of the 20 seeds I received, not one germinated. And then they gave me a hard time about it.

Far as I’m concerned, it’s not recommended that you use their company for seeds. It cost me $140.00 to learn this lesson.

Another group of seeds I purchased came from BreedersBoutique.com.

They had a 98% germination success rate and, out of the 23 plants grown, 12 were female (and yes, that’s a good ratio).

I’d recommend using this company because I’ve made two purchases from them and both went over without a hitch; they were easy to pay, they sent free seeds to try, and most of their seeds germinated.

I really loved the Cheese Surprise strain (huge buds with a great high) and wanted to order more, but they were out of stock and unfortunately aren’t going to carry it anymore.

I’m just sorry I didn’t make more seeds. The lesson here: If you find a strain you really like, make your own seeds.

When I needed more seeds, I decided to try yet another company, Robert Bergman’s I Love Growing Marijuana website.

Since I didn’t know them, I only purchased five AK-47 Auto Flower seeds. I’m happy to report that they were delivered in about 10 days and all five germinated.

The company has a good reputation and I’m certainly satisfied, so I’d recommend working with them also.

That said, to let you know: I’ve grown with auto flower seeds before and didn’t like them, but decided to try to them again because I wanted to save some growing time.

This latest batch didn’t change my opinion. The plants were smaller, and some morphed right away; they all morphed by the end of the grow.

I don’t recommend using Auto Flower and/or feminized seeds in general. It’s probably just me, or something about the (successful) set-up I’m using, but I’ll never grow with them again.

Plus, you can’t clone the plants, which is the real deal breaker.

There are no hard and fast rules about how many seeds will germinate and how many females you'll get out of a group of seeds, though.

I’ve always had a 50-65% female success rate from regular seed, but it’s hard to know in advance what will happen with any respective group of seeds.

I’m happy with 50% because I plan to clone immediately so that I’ll have as many plants as I want anyway.

I use peat rings to germinate the seeds because I want to handle seeds/plants as little as possible for a number of reasons.

The sprouts are fragile and picking them up with your fingers can be dangerous to their health. The peat ring allows me to pick up the plant without touching it.

It makes it easier to move your plant into its final pot.

I also don‘t want to transfer anything from my fingers/hands to my plants or seeds and it’s always best practice to wash your hands before and after handling your plants.

Starting from Seed

 

There are available seed starting kits that include the peat rings, plastic pan, and a clear plastic cover. The cover turns the plastic pan into a little greenhouse. Jiffy is one brand name you can look for.

Place your peat rings into the pan with water. You want the peat ring to expand to their full height and width.

Depending on the size you get, that should be from 2 to 4 inches tall and about 1 to 1-1/2 inches wide. You want them moist and fully expanded.

Once your peat rings are ready, make a little hole in the top, drop a seed in, and then scrape a little mix overtop to cover the seed. You want one seed per peat ring,

Place your peat ring in a plastic tray and then place the tray on a heating pad; no light needed at this time.

Using heat will speed up the germination process by at least 2 days (no pad? No big deal, just skip that step).

Depending on the seed strain, you’ll see little sprouts popping up between the 3rd and 10th day.

There is no hard and fast rule on this in terms of timing, so be patient and remember that all strains are different.

Keep checking the peat rings to make sure they stay moist top to bottom.

The heating pad will dry them out faster. Once the sprout grows a little, spray a water mist over the leaves.

Check often for mold. If there is no air flow, mold can/will start growing.

You’ll notice something like a furry/fuzzy growth on the wet peat ring. If you spot that, IMMEDIATELY wipe the mold off and stop using the cover, and then allow the tray to dry out a little.

Mold is not a deal breaker if you get rid of it fast. If you let it grow, forget about the seedling and start over.

When your sprout gets to be a strong four inches tall or so, you can transplant it into its final pot.

I keep my plants out of direct light from the time I place the seed in the peat ring until they are about 1” above it.

After that point, I use a low watt CFL bulb in a clamp light holder for another couple of days, and watch how they progress from there. It’s okay to just use CFL while they’re sprouting.

If they look good, I’ll switch to LED.  Make sure to keep the peat rings on the heating pad (if you have one) and moist throughout this stage of growth.

They should start forming leaves and stretch. Depending on the strain your plants will be ready to transplant into a larger pot within about 1-3 weeks.

Because I want as little direct touches to my plants as possible, I’ll transplant the peat ring into a 6-gallon pot as soon as it’s ready, versus using a gallon pot for a while and then transplanting again.

In anywhere from 3-10 days, you’ll normally see teeny weeny sprouts. I’ve had seeds take even longer, though, so don’t give up if those first ten days go by without visible results, give them a chance.

Don’t be afraid to use seeds you find in the bottom of the bags of weed you’ve had over the years. If it was good weed, your plants should be good, too. Seedlings in the photo are 7 days old.

CLONES

Using clones from female plants is a great way to grow weed, even if you have to buy them.

A clone (will grow to be a replica of its mother) of female Marijuana plants in the vegetative cycle is taken off the lower part of the main stem.

Use clones at least 4” long for your highest success rate. I have used clones as small as one inch, but it was a pain and not something I’d recommend unless you have no choice.

Clones taken from flowering females that you continue to flower will be smaller plants with smaller buds.

They grow decently and are worth using if you don’t have much room and time, but the buds will be small and you’ll have a lighter yield. The success rate is about 65% for flowering clones.

The clones taken from female plants in the veg cycle should have about a 98% success rate depending on how closely you’re following the steps outlined in this book while using our soil mix and nutrient advice.

Clones from known females in the veg cycle are by far the best way to start growing. Take your clones from the lowest part of the main stem.

Use a clean razor blade or scissors, cutting the clone off as close as possible to the stem; be careful of what you’re doing.

Using a razor blade, stick the tip of the blade into the end of the middle of the clone’s stem.

It’s not easy to do this because of the size of the plant you’re working with, but split the last ½” or so of the clone stem to give you twice the surface for the clone powder to stick onto.

Spray the end of the clone with water and then dip it in your clone powder and give it a good coating.

Because the end of the clone is delicate, tip the jar to one side, put your damp clone into the other side, and tip the jar back.

Do this versus jamming the clone directly into the powder in order to protect the fragile, sliced stem.

Poke a large hole in your peat ring or the small pot filled with your soil mix, and water the hole. Place the clone in the hole and then push and pat the soil down in and around the stem.

 

 

 

You should have about 1-2" of stem in the peat ring/small pot and about 2-3" of stem above the peat ring (less if your clones are smaller than what I’ve suggested, relatively speaking).

Put them under CFL lights for 24 hours on and keep them like that until you’re transplanting them into a larger pot. You can switch to LED if desired, but CFL lighting works fine.

The clone should be ready to transplant into a larger pot in about 2-3 weeks.

Once you’ve got it transplanted, run your lights 24 hours on for a week, switch to 18 hours on and 6 off for another week, and then either keep them on that schedule or switch to the GLR schedule.

I have used both 18 hours on and 6 off, and 24 on, during the vegetative cycle. I found little to no difference except in my electrical bill. Check out the GLR lighting schedule.

I use it all the time and think it’s the way to go.

Cloning powder (you can use gel too) provides the blend of hormones, vitamins, and minerals needed to promote root cell development for the delicate new root tissue.

 

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